Third Generation Gangs Strategic Note No. 38: Cape Town Extortion Gangs Target Paramedics

John P. Sullivan and Robert J. Bunker, “Third Generation Gangs Strategic Note No. 38: Cape Town Extortion Gangs Target Paramedics.” Small Wars Journal. 1 June 2021.


Paramedics in Cape Town (Western Cape), South Africa are allegedly victims of extortion gangs that seek ‘protection’ money to allow them to provide emergency medical care. This incidence of extortion is exacerbated by a recent upswing in violent attacks against Emergency Medical Service (EMS) staff and the influence of Covid-19 lockdowns on public [in] security.



SWJ Strategic Note 38 CO Futures
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